The Railway Series
Front of Henry:
The rear of Henry:
Issues with Henry
The Reverend W. Awdry had a great deal of trouble with Henry. Originally, Awdry had illustrated him as a 4-4-2 Atlantic, however, William Middleton changed this when he illustrated him as a 4-6-2 Pacific similar to Gordon. Awdry was especially unhappy with C. Reginald Dalby's illustrations: he looked almost identical to Gordon, more so while he was painted blue - in Tank Engine Thomas Again, Henry looked completely identical to Gordon, but this was passed off by explaining he needed to use Gordon's buffers while he were being repaired. To make matters worse, he was illustrated inconsistently, often having several different shapes within the space of a single story - in most of Dalby's illustrations, Henry was portrayed incorrectly as a 4-6-0 instead of a 4-6-2.
Awdry's original idea had been to write Henry out of the series, but by "Henry the Green Engine" he had decided to instead have Henry involved in a serious accident, allowing him to be rebuilt into a Class 5MT. As this was a real locomotive, Dalby was thus forced to be consistent. Since then, Awdry would base all his locomotive characters on real-life prototypes and for such characters as Edward, Gordon, James and Percy, he would invent backstories for them.
In the Railway Series
According to The Island of Sodor: Its People, History and Railways (TIOS), Henry was an experimental locomotive built from plans stolen from Sir Nigel Gresley, but the wrong plans were taken and the locomotive built was so riddled with faults that the only person who could be persuaded to buy it was the Fat Controller, who, at the time, was desperate for any locomotive he could get.
There is a certain amount of argument over Henry's rebuild, caused by "TIOS", which was written to provide historical background to the Railway Series and to correct pictorial inconsistencies that had occurred in earlier volumes. The Reverend W. Awdry claimed that the pre-rebuild and post-rebuild Henry were actually two completely separate engines, although in the Railway Series, Henry seemed familiar with events that happened before the crash. Henry's memory could have simply survived the rebuild, but as both sources can be considered equally canonical, the question of whether there have been two Henrys or one will likely remain unanswered.
"TIOS" also featured a biography of the Fat Controller, which mentioned that he was apprenticed with Stanier at Swindon Works. It is possible that this was another piece of retcon added to explain how Henry was able to be rebuilt so easily - something that even the Reverend W. Awdry admitted was "a mystery".
In Sodor: Reading Between the Lines Henry was said to look very much like a Stanier 5MT, which suggests that he is not totally identical to one of these engines. It is not clear why Christopher Awdry should have felt the need to contradict his father, but it could simply be a combination of errors and publication deadlines.
In the Television Series
Henry was introduced in the television series in 1984 when the first series premiered and has appeared in every series since.
Many of the early episodes focusing on Henry feature him reprising his roles from the Railway Series. Unlike the Railway Series, Henry was never painted blue following the events of Edward, Gordon and Henry. This was done due to production costs and so that viewers would not mistake him for Gordon, as this was a notable issue in the book Tank Engine Thomas Again.
In the eighth series, Henry was among the members of the Steam Team, the main cast of eight central characters. However, starting with the twenty-second series, Henry (along with Edward and Toby) was removed from the Steam Team in favour of Rebecca to join in order to fix the gender imbalance at Tidmouth Sheds and diversify the Thomas and Friends franchise. He now appears as a major supporting character, however, he has not had any major roles so far since his removal from the Steam Team.
Kevin Frank voiced the character in Thomas and the Magic Railroad, giving the character a faint but noticeable British accent. Keith Wickham assumed the character's role in the UK and Kerry Shale in the US (Martin Sherman originally auditioned for Henry). While Wickham maintains Henry with a British accent, Kerry Shale's performance is clearly American, though earlier post-Hero of the Rails episodes had his voice at a lower pitch than usual, before his voice became higher in following productions.
Behind the Scenes
Gauge 1 model
Henry's original model was built with a custom made perspex bodyshell and used a Märklin locomotive as a donor for the chassis and various parts. It was painted using car body paint and lined with red automotive pinstripe tape with his numbers being custom cut vinyl stickers.
Henry's main chassis was sourced from a gauge 1 locomotive made by Märklin, the BR 78, while the tender wheels were from the tender of the BR 55. The bufferbeams and dome were also from the BR 78 as well as the handrail stanchions, tender steps, cab controls and tender details. One of which was used from Gordon's BR 78 donor bodyshell as he lacked this same tender detail so did not need it.
His model was built with the ability to be changed to his "old" shape or "new" shape when needed due to the series being filmed out of sequence. His "old" shape features splashers, a tapered firebox and no top feed or exterior steam pipes, while his new shape did have the top feed and exterior steam pipes as well as a Belpaire firebox, but no splashers as they were not permanently fixed on to accomodate for this change in appearance when filming.
Henry’s perspex model was originally AC powered as this is how the Märklin locomotives were powered. This required the polarity switch which was originally mounted in front of the main motor to be moved to the tender, allowing space for the smoke mechanism which sat in between the motor and eye mechanism. During a refurbishment, his AC motor was replaced by a DC motor to allow for easier running and maintenance.
During the production of the tenth series, two new models of Henry were built. This was due to the original model being 22 years old at this point and the tight filming schedules meant there was very little room for emergency repairs.
The new models were made out of brass and equipped with a CNC machined aluminium chassis powered by a DC motor. From this point onwards the perspex model would only appear in scenes that would damage the brass models. One exception exists in Big Strong Henry where a brass model was used for the crash instead of the perspex model. This may be due to the perspex model having a previously loose middle left drive wheel which is visible in promotional photographs and some scenes of the episode Henry and the Wishing Tree. The way this crash unfolded could have caused the old repair to fail.
Eighteen different facial expressions were sculpted for Henry, although only seventeen were used on-screen. Henry had two variants of his surprised face with the later one being made from the same sculpt as the "ah" sneezing face. The last face was only seen when one of Henry's brass models was on display at the British Museum for the 70th anniversary, it appears to be an "exhausted" expression. The faces were first sculpted in clay, then a silicone mould was made of this sculpt which was then cast and smoothed for moulding and casting again to produce the final face which was then painted. Some of Henry's faces were duplicated in case the crew needed a face to look dirty and clean on the same day of shooting. One of Henry's faces is now owned by Twitter user ThomasTankMerch.
Series 12 marked the beginning of the show's transition to CGI and the characters' faces were animated through CGI with the aid of motion-capture animation. The physical models moulded faces were replaced by white targets with triangles to fix a computer-animated face in post-production. Henry’s resin faces were only used in background shots.
Henry’s gauge 1 models had gone through several aesthetic changes in the television series:
- Series 1 (only):
- After his rebuild, his splashers were removed.
- Series 2:
- He regained his splashers, with the third pair being cut off from where his tapered firebox was.
- His stepladder became solid, instead of hollow.
- He gained two extra brake pipes, all four now facing downwards.
- In Duck Takes Charge, and in some scenes of Dirty Work and A Close Shave, his whistle is Duck's six half steps higher in pitch.
- Series 3:
- His eyebrows became smaller.
- His front right and back left brake pipes were facing upward again.
- In Tender Engines, his front left and back right brake pipes were removed.
- Series 5 (only):
- There was extra yellow lining added to his quarter windows, this was to match the whole windows and keep continuity since the large scale model featured lining on both windows.
- Thomas and the Magic Railroad:
- His paint was given a matte finish.
- The gap between his second and third boiler bands becomes larger due to misplaced lining.
- His tender lining had its spacing from the edge made even all around, thus making it no longer match the lining on his cab which was higher at the bottom due to the thick red stripe running along his side.
- His two safety valves were reduced to a single safety valve due to one of Gordon's going missing and Henry's second being used to replace it.
- His eyebrows became more slanted.
- His window frame lining became thinner.
- Series 6:
- His eyebrows became longer.
- His front left bogie wheel became a 12 spoke type due to being mixed-up with Gordon's front left bogie wheel which was on a 12 spoke set. Gordon has Henry's 10 spoke on his front left with a 12 spoke on his front right.
- Series 10:
- His front cab windows became slightly wider and shorter. (brass model)
- The riveting on his front bufferbeam disappeared. (brass model)
- His perspex model has visible damage to his front left side.
- Series 11:
- The damage seen in the previous series was repaired.
- Series 12:
- His eyebrows became thicker.
- His crow's feet disappeared.
- The uneven spacing of his boiler lining went back to how it was originally.
Henry's tender does not have a coal load in the episodes Thomas' Train and Oliver's Find. The first being a photo taken during a scene setup (note James also has no coal load) while the other is a deleted scene.
One of Henry's brass models is on display at Hara Model Railway Museum. It had previously been on display at Nitrogen Studios. The other brass model was put on display at the British Museum during the 70th anniversary.
In 2009, the television series introduced Computer-Generated Imagery (CGI) as a replacement for the show's long-standing live-action models. Henry was recreated from scratch in CGI by Nitrogen Studios. His CGI model was identical to his Gauge 1 model but has had slight modifications:
- Hero of the Rails:
- He lost his front brake-pipe outlet.
- His crow's feet reappeared.
- The red lining on his wheel arches became thinner and he got lining on the back of his cut-off wheel arch.
- The inside of his tender became green.
- The top of his tender is slightly lowered.
- Series 17:
- He regains his permanent lamp and tail lamp.
- The Adventure Begins:
- His connecting rods became silver.
The following pantone colours are used on Henry's CGI model:
- PMS 116 (yellow)
- PMS 361 (green)
- PMS 428 (white)
- PMS 485 (red)
- PMS 873 C (gold)
- PMS 877 C (silver)
- Kevin Frank (Thomas and the Magic Railroad)
- Keith Wickham (UK; Hero of the Rails onwards)
- Kerry Shale (US; Hero of the Rails onwards)
- Ryō Horikawa (Japan; first-eighth series)
- Kenji Utsumi (Japan; James and the Trouble with Trees (First Half))
- Jun'ichi Kanemaru (Japan; Calling All Engines onwards, excluding Day of the Diesels and Edward the Hero)
- Nozomu Sasaki (Japan; Day of the Diesels)
- Kenta Miyake (Japan; Edward the Hero)
- Fabrice Trojani (France and French speaking Canada)
- Espen Sandvik (Norway; Hero of the Rails - Tale of the Brave)
- Ambrogio Colombo (Italy)
- Blas García (Latin America; Thomas and the Magic Railroad)
- Luis Alfonso Padilla (Latin America; Thomas and the Magic Railroad; TV Version)
- Ricardo Silva (Latin America, Hero of the Rails - The Great Race, excluding Tale of the Brave and the twentieth series)
- Arturo Mercado Jr. (Latin America; twentieth series onwards, excluding the Great Race)
- Wolf Rüdiger Reutermann (Germany; Thomas and the Magic Railroad)
- Michael Bideller (Germany; Hero of the Rails onwards)
- Lutz Herkenrath (Germany; Audio Book 1-13 only)
- Q. Gray (Germany; Audio Book 14-16 only)
- Cezary Kwieciński (Poland; Hero of the Rails onwards)
- Reinder van der Naalt (The Netherlands)
- Dov Reiser (Israel; Thomas and the Magic Railroad)
- Dor Srugo (Israel; fifteenth series - King of the Railway)
- Yoli Seker (Israel; twentieth series onwards)
- Caspar Phillipson (Denmark)
- Henrique Reis (Brazil, Hero of the Rails onwards, excluding Tale of the Brave)
- Ulisses Bezerra (Brazil; Tale of the Brave only)
- Juan Navarro Torelló (Spain)
- Jukka Voutilainen (Finland, Hero of the Rails - King of the Railway)
- Jarmo Koski (Finland; Tale of the Brave onwards)
- Trưởng Tân (Vietnam)
- Seder Gabor (Hungary)
- Alexander Kotov (Russia)
- Loukas Frangoulis (Greece)